Author : Joel Feinberg
Genre : Philosophy
Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN : 0534625576
Type book : PDF, Epub, Kindle and Mobi
File Download : 706 page

The Twelfth Edition of this best-selling, topically organized anthology provides a superb balance of historical selections and recent material. This new edition features more readings than ever before--79 total--all, where necessary, in the finest translations available. The readings complement each other and naturally build on the topic being covered. Clear, concise introductions to each Part provide just enough guidance to let students learn from experiencing the readings themselves. The text's long-heralded selection of readings covers topics such as reason and religious belief, human knowledge, mind and its place in nature, determinism, free will and responsibility, and morality and its critics in five parts with careful attention to opposing points of view.

Author : Ingmar Persson
Genre : Philosophy
Publisher : Oxford University Press
ISBN : 9780199676552
Type book : PDF, Epub, Kindle and Mobi
File Download : 328 page

Many philosophers think that if you're morally responsible for a state of affairs, you must be a cause of it. In From Morality to the End of Reason, Ingmar Persson argues that this strand of common sense morality is asymmetrical in that it features the act-omission doctrine according to which there are stronger reasons against performing some harmful actions than in favour of performing any beneficial actions. He critically examines the concept of a rightand the conception of responsibility as causally-based, which results in replacing reasons of rights by reasons of beneficence to the effect that individuals be benefited, and we are made responsible for what is under the influence of our practical reasons. The argument gives rise to a symmetrical,consequentialist morality which is more demanding but less authoritative than common sense morality because reasons of beneficence are weaker than reasons of rights. The question is whether such a morality possesses enough authority to command our compliance.

Author : Gary Watson
Genre : Philosophy
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN : 9780199272273
Type book : PDF, Epub, Kindle and Mobi
File Download : 388 page

Charting the progress of Watson's thought over three decades, this collection of essays on human action examines such questions as: in what ways are we free and not free, rational and irrational, responsible or not for what we do?.

Author : Bertrand Russell
Genre : Knowledge, Theory of
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN : 9780192854230
Type book : PDF, Epub, Kindle and Mobi
File Download : 102 page

This work, originally published in 1912, is an introduction to the theory of philosophical enquiry. It gives Russell's views on such subjects as the distinction between appearance and reality and the existence and nature of matter.

Author : Hilary Bok
Genre : Philosophy
Publisher : Princeton University Press
ISBN : 9781400822737
Type book : PDF, Epub, Kindle and Mobi
File Download : 248 page

Can we reconcile the idea that we are free and responsible agents with the idea that what we do is determined according to natural laws? For centuries, philosophers have tried in different ways to show that we can. Hilary Bok takes a fresh approach here, as she seeks to show that the two ideas are compatible by drawing on the distinction between practical and theoretical reasoning. Bok argues that when we engage in practical reasoning--the kind that involves asking "what should I do?" and sifting through alternatives to find the most justifiable course of action--we have reason to hold ourselves responsible for what we do. But when we engage in theoretical reasoning--searching for causal explanations of events--we have no reason to apply concepts like freedom and responsibility. Bok contends that libertarians' arguments against "compatibilist" justifications of moral responsibility fail because they describe human actions only from the standpoint of theoretical reasoning. To establish this claim, she examines which conceptions of freedom of the will and moral responsibility are relevant to practical reasoning and shows that these conceptions are not vulnerable to many objections that libertarians have directed against compatibilists. Bok concludes that the truth or falsity of the claim that we are free and responsible agents in the sense those conceptions spell out is ultimately independent of deterministic accounts of the causes of human actions. Clearly written and powerfully argued, Freedom and Responsibility is a major addition to current debate about some of philosophy's oldest and deepest questions.

Author : David Michael Kleinberg-Levin
Genre : Philosophy
Publisher : State University of New York Press
ISBN : 9780791477823
Type book : PDF, Epub, Kindle and Mobi
File Download : 309 page

Provides a critique of reason, demanding that we take greater responsibility for nature and other people.

Author : Derek Parfit
Genre : Philosophy
Publisher : OUP Oxford
ISBN : 9780191622441
Type book : PDF, Epub, Kindle and Mobi
File Download : 560 page

This book challenges, with several powerful arguments, some of our deepest beliefs about rationality, morality, and personal identity. The author claims that we have a false view of our own nature; that it is often rational to act against our own best interests; that most of us have moral views that are directly self-defeating; and that, when we consider future generations the conclusions will often be disturbing. He concludes that moral non-religious moral philosophy is a young subject, with a promising but unpredictable future.

Author : Joel Feinberg
Genre : Education
Publisher : Cengage Learning
ISBN : 1305502442
Type book : PDF, Epub, Kindle and Mobi
File Download : 720 page

REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY: READINGS IN SOME BASIC PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY, 16th Edition, has a well-earned reputation for clarity and breadth, with a selection of high-quality readings that cover centuries of philosophical debate. The anthology covers the central issues in metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, and ethics, as well as debates over the value of philosophy and the meaning of life. The book is clearly organized: the readings complement each other, guiding you through contrasting positions on key philosophical issues. Clear, concise introductions provide reading tips and background information to help you engage directly and meaningfully with the primary sources. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Author : Veronica Rodriguez-Blanco
Genre : Law
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
ISBN : 9781108498104
Type book : PDF, Epub, Kindle and Mobi
File Download : 280 page

An agenda-setting multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary analysis of the complex phenomenon of responsibility in negligence.

Author : Susan Wolf
Genre : Philosophy
Publisher : Oxford University Press
ISBN : 019535897X
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File Download : page

Philosophers typically see the issue of free will and determinism in terms of a debate between two standard positions. Incompatibilism holds that freedom and responsibility require causal and metaphysical independence from the impersonal forces of nature. According to compatibilism, people are free and responsible as long as their actions are governed by their desires. In Freedom Within Reason, Susan Wolf charts a path between these traditional positions: We are not free and responsible, she argues, for actions that are governed by desires that we cannot help having. But the wish to form our own desires from nothing is both futile and arbitrary. Some of the forces beyond our control are friends to freedom rather than enemies of it: they endow us with faculties of reason, perception, and imagination, and provide us with the data by which we come to see and appreciate the world for what it is. The independence we want, Wolf argues, is not independence from the world, but independence from forces that prevent or preclude us from choosing how to live in light of a sufficient appreciation of the world. The freedom we want is a freedom within reason and the world.